The Problem of the Rigid Seminarian | The "Last Word" by Diogenes
In their zeal to find seminarians who arent rigid, the seminary gatekeepers are weeding out with the positive attribute of tenacity.
Over the past thirty years or so weve often heard concern expressed by bishops, theologians, seminary rectors, and vocation directors that many candidates for the priesthood are unsuitable on account of their rigidity. In these circles it goes without saying that rigid is bad.
But suppose, in place of the word rigidity, we substituted the word tenacity. Immediately we see that tenacity can be a positive quality, something martyrs and confessors had, something laudable in any believer and eminently desirable in a priest.
Whereas rigidity is kind of a directionless term, negatively descriptive of its subject, tenacity is incomplete until we ask, tenacious of what? In the context of discipleship, we mean tenacious of principles, values, standards: in short, the truths of the Faith. So how is that a Catholic who would have been commended as tenacious before, say, 1945, has come to be disqualified as rigid?
The kind of officer who excels in wartime often founders in times of peace; finding himself at a desk, he lacks the suavity, affability, and fondness for compromise that mark the managerial bureaucrat as promotable. When the game is no longer victory on the field of battle but cutting deals with patrons and rivals, the combat veteran turned office hack appears uncouth, awkward, and sometimes counter-productive in the eyes of his smoother colleagues.
Since the Council, the Catholic clergy in the prosperous West has effectively transformed itself into a peacetime army, concerned not with fighting threats to the Church but with making life comfortable and consolidating political gains. The term rigidity belongs to the negative vocabulary of a peacetime army, tenacity to the positive vocabulary of a wartime one. The qualities that made Edmund Campion a hero in anti-Catholic England would make him a pastoral liability in Malibu.
Or so it may have seemed. Psychoanalyst Karl Stern, a Jewish refugee from Nazi Germany who converted to Catholicism, remarked how the experience of the concentration camps falsified many assumptions of pre-war psychology. Stern says it was the conservative Catholics, the Jehovahs Witnesses, and the ultra-Orthodox Jews who endured extremes of stress without selling-out, going mad, or collapsing, whereas the enlightened bourgeois typically lost all sense of selfhood and integrity in the maelstrom.
The qualities that made Edmund Campion a hero
in anti-Catholic England would make him a pastoral liability in Malibu.
Sterns point was that his fellow psychiatrists didnt realize the extent to which their model of psychological health was conditioned by the context of peacetime upper-middle class urban life, so that the types judged by agnostic academics "most likely to succeed" crumbled disastrously in the camps, while non-adaptive persons, well accustomed to marginalization through tenaciousdid someone whisper "rigid"?adherence to principle, maintained their equanimity and character.
The Church in the West has enjoyed a half-century of comparative ease, in which the agenda has largely been set by professorial Catholic clergymen who dress, dine, recreate, and vote in ways indistinguishable from their heathen faculty colleagues, men who have had almost no price to pay for their highly adaptive Catholicism. Its not surprising that they should be alarmed by "rigidity" in their juniors. Its not surprising to read Father Richard McBrien lamenting a survey of seminarians that finds "many students resist the learning enterprise because it threatens their preconceived ideas about theology."
Yet, with some few exceptions, its the professoriate, not the students, that feel threatened, and the source of the threat is not the students inflexible ideas about theology (indicating rigidity), but their stubborn adherence to Catholic doctrine (indicating tenacity). These arent 18-year-olds arriving dewy-eyed from a 1950s high school sodality; they tend to be college grads, sometimes converts, with personal experience of the false promises of the secular world, who have made an existential alignment with Catholic teaching. Regardless of theological maturity or naïveté, they know what theyre saying "No" to.
We have to admit that some seminarians, by temperament, are wrapped too tight and cant handle conflict. I wouldnt call them rigid, but brittle. Many are conservatives, but many arent: brittleness is a characteristic of ones psychological endowment rather than ones convictions. Few would argue with the contention that brittle candidates are unsuited for the priesthood. But most of the men disparaged as rigid earned the label because they refused to join their professors and superiors in the doctrinal compromises that have guaranteed them such a comfortable lifeperhaps the most comfortable life any Catholic clergyman has ever enjoyed.
Like the blunt language of the combat vet, the intractability of the doctrinally tenacious Catholic is both an embarrassment and a threat to the accommodationist. And just as academic psychiatrists gauged mental health by adaptivity to their own bourgeois environment, so the seminary gatekeepers have measured "fitness for ministry" by the standards of success current in the faculty lounge, the theatre lobby, the embassy reception. Blessed Rupert Mayer held his own in KZ Sachsenhausen, but he wouldnt go down well at Georgetown Law.
But were preparing contemporary American men for contemporary American ministry, someone might object, and Malibu isnt Dachau. True. But Dachau wasnt Dachau until 1933, just a drowsy Munich suburb. Times change. And times are changing. Has hatred of Christianity faded in the last twenty years, or increased? Has the secular world grown fonder of Catholic doctrine or less so? Are your grandchildren likely to find their faith easier to live, or more difficult? Having answered these questions, ask yourselves which quality is more necessary in the priests who will minister to your grandchildrentolerance or tenacity?
This column originally appeared on Catholic World News in "Off the Record".
Related IgnatiusInsight.com links:
Priestly Vocations in America: A Look At the Numbers | Jeff Ziegler
The Real Reason for the Vocation Crisis | Rev. Michael P. Orsi
Christ, the Priest, and Death to Sin | Blessed Columba Marmion
Benedict XVI's Rookie Year As Priest
Priest: A Man of Mystery | Fr. Kenneth Baker, S.J.,
Interview with Bishop Michael A. Saltarelli, Diocese of Wilmington, Delaware | Valerie Schmalz
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