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The Disciple Contemplates the Mother (Part 2) | Erasmo Leiva-Merikakis
| An excerpt from The
Way of the Disciple
Part Two | Part
The mystical application to us of the reality of the redemption must correspond
in every way to the historical coming of the Son of God and Mary, for it
was precisely for this, TO BE BORN IN US, that he came. And does
it not contradict the divine economy and will that he should become incarnate
in us without the cooperation of the Mother, when her active response to
God was a necessity for the historical Incarnation? Can we give our individual
and ecclesial fiat to God's invitation while totally divorcing ourselves
from her on whom God himself paradoxically chose to depend in order to become
one of us? Would such an option not be trying to undo the redemptive wisdom
of God because we think we have found a wholly uncluttered, more direct,
"purer", and 'more divine" way, like the Gnostics of all ages?
Why, out of an alleged zeal for safeguarding the uniqueness and all-sufficiency
of God's redeeming action, would one want to confine God, after his
work of redemption on earth, to a splendid isolation and solitariness he
did not have before or during the historical process of salvation? He ceaselessly
engaged patriarchs, kings, prophets, and all manner of insignificant people
like ourselves to collaborate with him in mankind's salvation. Above all
"in the fullness of time", he involved a whole cast of characters in the
drama of redemption-from John the Baptist, Zechariah, Elizabeth, Simeon,
Anna, the Magi, the shepherd, and Joseph to the apostles and disciples and
holy women of his entourage. Each of these had a special and irreplaceable
part to play in helping to communicate God's grace to man. -
God, it would appear from Sacred Scripture, chose to redeem us, not out
of a radical divine solitariness, but by involving many persons as collaborators
with his divine purpose. This is perhaps most clearly illustrated when John
the Baptist objects out of humility and a recognition of who Jesus is to
Jesus' own request that John baptize him: "John would have prevented him,
saying, 'I need to be baptized by you, and do you come to me?"'
But to this perfectly logical theological objection Jesus responds paradoxically:
"Let it be so now; for thus it is fitting for us to fulfil all righteousness."
Does not this emphatic for us not contain the whole divine and human synergy
God envisioned for our redemption-that sinners should cooperate in their
own process of being redeemed?
If all of this is trueif God, that is, chose to redeem us by appointing
many collaborators in his mission-what shall we say of the Mother, the obedient
Virgin full of grace made by God in his providence to be the sheer and perfect
ground out of which would grow the flower of our redemption, the fruit that
would nourish us unto life everlasting? Shall we say that she was an "instrument"
or "means" momentarily needed to carry out an ulterior divine design but
left behind after she had served her function?
To say this would be to misunderstand completely the nature of motherhood
in general and of this motherhood in particular, since the parent-child
relationship can never be reduced to mere passing "functionality", and it
would be unworthy of God in the extreme merely to use and then discard a
person. No: God knew what he was doing when he chose to save us by sending
his Son among us as a man, by selecting and preparing a Woman who would
bestow her humanity on his eternal Son just as he was the sole source of
his divinity. If Mary had ceased playing an active and essential role in
our redemption the moment she had conceived and given birth, we would have
to expect that Christ's humanity at some point again detached itself from
his divinity, having been "united" to it only functionally, as a temporary
But this Gnostic enormity undermines and subverts the sacred indissolubility
of the Incarnation. The logical paradox of "Mary, Mother of God", solemnly
proclaimed at the Council of Ephesus in A.D. 431, when the Council Fathers
reaffirmed what the Church had believed from the beginning, is of one piece
with the other two fundamental paradoxes without which there can be no Christian
faith: Jesus Christ, two natures in one Divine Person; and the Blessed Trinity,
three Persons yet one God. The mystery of the Holy Theotokos underlies the
whole mystery of our redemption-from the Son's conception in her womb by
the overshadowing of the Holy Spirit to our own conception in the womb of
the Marian Church, "until Christ be fully formed in us".
If Mary is once "Mother of God", can she ever stop being that? Or can she
continue being that without our feeling tremendous gratitude and love for
her who thus is the Bearer of our beloved Redeemer?
A major aspect of the mystery of the Incarnation is that, starting from
the central doctrine of Christ's true, full, and irreversible humanization,
we may then infer a number of important truths that need not be explicitly
spelled out in Scripture, since they are really contained within the fullness
of the already revealed central Mystery of Christ. For instance, the normality
of Jesus' hidden life and childhood: by their nearly total silence concerning
this part of Jesus' earthly life, the Gospels are in fact telling us that
Jesus lived a very ordinary human life for nearly thirty years, almost the
whole of his earthly existence.
Something similar may be said about his relationships. Scripture nowhere
calls Mary explicitly either "Lady" or "Queen", titles which the Catholic
tradition has joyfully ascribed to her since very ancient times. But Scripture
is full of allusions to queens who are mothers of kings, and Scripture also
tells us that Mary is the Mother of Christ who is eternal King of the ages.
Therefore, if Mary is the Mother of our Lord (Dominus), then she
is truly "our Lady" (Domina), and if Christ is King, then she, too,
must be Queen, for this is required by the very nature of these biblical
titles, which are relational in nature. What are we to call the mother of
a king if not the "queen mother", and what would be the point of calling
Jesus a king at all if, although he very much has a mother, we oddly want
to limit the implications of that title by applying it only in one direction,
that is, by stressing the fact that a king has subjects who must obey and
serve him, but not as well that he has a mother to whom he owes his human
life and who stands by his side, always supporting him and loving him in
all his works and decrees?
And Christ does not disdain so to share his lordship and kingship, because
he did not disdain to lay aside even his divine glory in order to share
our nature. if he had, he would not have become man in the first place and
entered this necessary nexus of relationships. Christ is not a sealed eternal
capsule fallen to earth ready-made from heaven. Christ is the seed of the
Word planted by the Father in the womb of Mary, that fertile earth that
gave nourishment and growth to the seed of the Word, that we may eventually
eat of the fruit of the Tree of the Cross.
When the time had fully come, God sent forth his Son, born of
woman, born under the law, to redeem those who were under the law,
so that we might receive adoption as sons, And because you are
sons, God has sent the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, crying, 'Abba!
Father!' So through God you are no longer a slave but a son, and if
a son then an heir.... So, brethren, we are not children of the slave
[Hagar, but also Eve, the "mother of all the living"] but of the
free woman [Sara, but above all Mary, the "woman" at the head of
Twice in Luke (1:38 and 48) Mary calls herself the maidservant, the handmaid,
the slave of the Lord. To be the Lord's slave is the essence of Mary's being
a freeborn woman, in keeping with her Son's manner of reigning as King by
serving. The Mother of the King who is a suffering servant reigns, like
her Son, by serving as the sorrowful Mother: "And Simeon ... said to Mary
his Mother: 'Behold, this child is set for the fall and rising Of many in
Israel, and for a sign that is spoken against (and a sword will pierce
through your own soul also)."  When and where, we may ask, will
this momentous prophecy be fulfilled? Surely at the foot of the Cross, at
the crucial hour when every disciple becomes Mary's son, by the will of
her Son, and she becomes the Mother of all believers.
We Christians are indeed "children of the promise" made to Mary: "You will
conceive ... and bear a son.... Of his kingdom there will be no end. . .
. And blessed is she who believed that there would be a fulfilment of what
was spoken to her from the Lord."  Mary's deepest identity as perfect
believer, in the infancy narrative in Luke, should be seen in connection
with the explicit mention at the beginning of Acts, after the Resurrection,
at the other end of the work of redemption, of her presence among those
who believed.  The Holy Spirit who descends upon the whole Body of the
Church at Pentecost, with Mary present, had first descended upon her singly
at the Annunciation. Thus, Mary is the living archetype, the living link,
historically and mystically, between the mystery of the Incarnation arid
the mystery of Pentecost.
In giving her fiat at the outset of the work of redemption, she is both
accepting God's gift of redemption for herself and prefiguring-and hence
making possible-the act of faith of the whole Church still to come.
Now, if being God's servant is the very essence of Mary's identity as first
among believers and as Mother of the Church, is this servant, the Mother
of the King and hence herself Queen by divine appointment, going to be left
with nothing to do in the Kingdom of Heaven? Mary, an idle heavenly Queen?
Or is she not rather going to spend her eternity of bliss interceding for
her children, having learned such fidelity toward mankind from the eternal
Father himself? Indeed, for as long as there is one soul to be redeemed
on earth, Mary will spend herself saying to Jesus what she said to him at
Cana, "They have no wine", and to us, "Do whatever he tells you."
In the parable of the talents we hear the Lord speak thus to the good servant:
"Well done, good and faithful servant; you have been faithful over a little,
I will set you over much; enter into the joy of your master." Since
the parable is clearly a portrayal of the final judgment and the Kingdom
of Heaven, we are surely to think that the "I will set you over much" must
refer, at least in part, to the work of loving intercession that the saints
in heaven will engage in as part of their life of eternal praise. For, how
could they become separated by divine bliss from the continuing work of
the divine mercy on earth? And, if this is true of all the blessed in heaven,
is it not A the more true of the good and faithful Servant of the Magnificat,
she who is also the Queen of Heaven because she is the Mother of the Savior
Surely it was this keen awareness of Mary's exalted character in God's sight,
and of her queenly mediation before her Son, the King of Heaven and earth,
that made a humble Elizabeth exclaim with loud and wondering exultation:
"Blessed are you among women, and blessed is the fruit of your womb! And
why is this granted me, that the mother of my Lord should come to me?
Should not our inmost heart, too, leap up for joy whenever we feel the approach
of the Mother of our Lord, since we know that she never comes to us alone,
without bringing into our lives Jesus, the blessed fruit of her womb, who
is as inseparable from her as she is from him? There is nothing that Mary
does without its being undertaken under the impulse of the original and
ever-active grace that filled her from the beginning, the grace that drove
her with haste into the hill country of Judah to help her cousin. In this
passage Luke has marvelously portrayed for A time the fundamental role in
humanity of Mary as Christ-Bearer and ready intercessor, who comes to our
aid even without our bidding.
Just as we say that love, grace, and spiritual realities in general increase
by being given away, so, too, may we say something similar about Christ's
sole, unique, and all-sufficient mediation before the Father: The more it
is participated in, the more brightly and richly does it shine in its effects.
For Christ's work of redemption, his suffering, and his Cross from the outset
were meant to be shared. He exhorts us to take up our cross and follow him,
to watch with him as he watches in torment, to go after him so that he will
make us fishers of men. He affirms that whoever listens to us is really
listening to him, that he sends us out as the Father had sent him out, that
he loved us and so gave himself up for us so that we, too, ought to love
one another as he has loved us. . . "I have been crucified with Christ;
it is no longer I who live, but Christ who lives in me": such is Saint
Paul's unsurpassable summary of our participation in the work of redemption.
What is all of this, what indeed is the life of prayer, if not the practical
form of our own redemption as a result of our participating in Christ's
saving work? To begrudge the saints, and above all Blessed Mary, the intercessory
and mediating role assigned to them by God himself in his election of them
would be like looking at love, truth, and goodness as if they were material
realities that must not be divided lest we end up with less and less of
But Love wants to be imitated and participated in. And our love wants to
be united with our Beloved. And soin and with and through the power
of Jesus and at his invitationwe are to do what we see Jesus himself
doing: working, suffering, praying, interceding, dying, and rising for the
life of the world. It is for this that Christ came to involve us in his
saving work. And the first one to believe and, thus, cooperate with him
efficaciously in his work is the all-pure and all-loving Mary, Mother of
 Mt 1:21.
 Mt 1:20.
 Mt 17:5.
 Jn 2:5.
 1 Jn 5:1.
 Mt 2:11.
 Mt 19:6 = Gen 1:27.
 Mk 9:7.
 Jn 2: 5.
 Gal 4:19.
 Mt 3:14-15.
 Gal 4:4-7, 31; emphasis mine.
 Lk 2:34-35; emphasis mine.
 Cf. Jn 19:25-27.
 Lk 1:31, 33, 45.
 Cf. Acts 1:14.
 Jn 2:3, 5.
 Mt 25:21.
 Lk 1:42.
 Gal 2:20.
Related IgnatiusInsight.com articles:
Mary | The Introduction to Mary in the Middle Ages | by Luigi Gambero
Mary, Matchless in Grace | John Saward
Assumed Into Mother's
Arms | Carl E. Olson
Erasmo Leiva-Merikakis received his Ph.D. in Comparative Literature
and Theology from Emory University.. His areas of interest include liturgy
and liturgical texts, Georg Trakl's poetry, the Gospel of Matthew, French
and German poetry of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries,
Greek and Roman classics, and Dante. He is the author of Fire
of Mercy, Heart of the Word, a two-volume commentary on the Gospel
of Matthew, Love's Sacred Order:
The Four Loves Revisited, and The
Way of the Disciple. He has also translated numerous works for Ignatius
Press, including several books by Hans
Urs von Balthasar.
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