Novelist of the Last Days | An Interview with Michael O'Brien | April 30, 2005
Ignatius Press recently published Michael O'Brien's Sophia House, the sixth novel in the acclaimed Children of the Last Days series. It is a prequel to the best-selling Father Elijah. IgnatiusInsight.com spoke to Michael about the new novel, the series, and the worlds of literature and art.
IgnatiusInsight.com: Sophia House is the sixth novel in the Children of the Last Days series. How has that series of novels evolved over time? What has surprised you or intrigued you about the development of the series over the years?
Michael OBrien: In the late 1970s I wrote two novels, Strangers and Sojourners and A Cry of Stone, simply responding to an interior prompting to write down these stories, which just kept fountaining up in my imagination. They were overtly Catholic in content, and I was young enough, naïve enough too, to think it was possible for them to be published in Canada. Over more than a decade I amassed a hefty collection of rejection letters from publishers, who usually said something like, "Loved the characters and the writing, but the reading public is no longer interested in this worldview." Translation: no orthodox Catholic vision of reality is acceptable in the mainstream of culture. I didnt even ponder venturing south of the border, just tucked my novels away in a box, chalking it up to experience, an exercise in writing, and no more. Years later a friend high up in the Canadian literary establishment, who was himself an agnostic, assured me with utmost conviction that the problem with my books was their Catholic vision.
Then in the mid-nineteen nineties, one day I found myself praying in my local parish church, deeply grieving over the devastated condition that is my particular Churchthe Church in Canadaand for all the associated troubles of raising a large family in an anti-life society, moreover as a Christian painter, which is a difficult calling at any time in history. Needless to say, the demon of discouragement was hacking away at me full force. I was weeping and crying out to God, pleading with Him to save my Church, my land, my work as a Christian artist. At the time I had long given up even thinking of writing.
Suddenly, with an extraordinary supernatural peace, there came a powerful sense that God was bringing good out of all the desolation. There flashed into my mind the story of a priest at the end of the ages, an apocalyptic tale. This experience was so unexpected, certainly without any prompting from my musings or imaginings, that I was stunned. I shook it off as a distraction. But it wouldnt go away; it just grew and grew in a moment of timelessness, peace, consolation. I kept kneeling there in front of the Cross, watching the story unfold in my mind, as if watching a film. Yes, it was like that, as if I were merely an observer. With this came an inner sense that I was supposed to write it down, and that I must ask the Holy Spirit for an angel of inspiration.
For the next eight months I spent every spare moment writing the story, and went each morning to the Blessed Sacrament to ask for that days grace for writing and for an angel of inspiration. Of all my novels, before and since, Father Elijah was the easiest to write. This was really something more than an Irish imagination fired up on all eight cylinders; it was entirely different from anything that had ever happened to me in creative work. I wouldnt want to call it a divinely inspired novel, because it has lots of flaws, but perhaps it is inspired in the sense that every work of art created from a desire to serve Gods glory is a co-creative labor, grace building on nature.
IgnatiusInsight.com: What are the themes and ideas that connect the novels to one another?
OBrien: The themes are many, and my answer would be too long if I were to try to enumerate the narrative connections of the six novels published to date. The spiritual themes are, I believe, more important. In essence all my books try to express the dignity of the human person, the great mystery that is to be found in each and every one of us. To look inside even the most "ordinary" life one finds heroism and tragedy, suffering and joy, birth and death, love and loss, folly and wisdom. I am always trying to incarnate the truth that our man-made measures of greatness and smallness are badly skewed. True vision necessarily asks of us to learn to see with the eyes of God, not in any Olympian sense, but in the deepest sense of the eyes of Lovelove and truth integrated.
A second thematic layer in these stories is the damaged icon of the father in late Western man, and an examination of the true nature of fatherhood. The damage stems from the fracturing of modern mans sense of the hierarchical cosmos, and the resulting divisions within human nature, the false dichotomies between intellect and emotion, faith and reason, heart and mind, spirit and law, love and truth . As a result man no longer knows himself. One of the roles of art is to reveal man to himself. All of the arts do this in their own waysthat is, art when it seeks to express the truth in beautiful forms. The arts are languages through which man begins to hear the truth about himself, opening locked gates within the mind and heart, permitting the truth to take up residence within him.
IgnatiusInsight.com: Sophia House is a prequel to Father Elijah. Was it a different experience going back in time, so to speak, to write the novel? Or did this story already exist, at least in your mind, while you were writing Father Elijah?
OBrien: While I was writing the section in Father Elijah on Count Smokrev, the background plot of David Schäfer hiding in the bookshop during the Nazi occupation of Warsaw grew in my mind as a distinct story-within-a-story, again almost film-like. But it seemed to me that Fr. Elijah would have become too cumbersome if it had been included. Hence, the need for Sophia House. There was, if I recall correctly, some overlapping in the writing of both.
I had mapped out the entire series by that point, almost as a fatalistic hobby, because I was convinced there was no possibility that my books would be published. I wrote in a spirit of obedience to the "still small voice," the inner prompting. I can recall feeling a little perturbed that this second story, Sophia House, was emerging in my mind with the same kind of urgency, but I took a deep breath and began it as well. Not all the sequence in writing is clear to me now, ten years after the fact. However, most of the major development and fine-tuning of Sophia was done during the two or three years preceding its publication. My wife Sheila and my oldest son John have been invaluable critics; they did painstaking work on the manuscript, always challenging me to do better in style and in expression of the themes. They have saved me a lot of grief over the years.
IgnatiusInsight.com: Much of this novel is set in the 1940s in Warsaw. How did you go about researching that era and the way of life during that time?
OBrien: Ive been fascinated by the Second World War since I was a young man. At four different times in my life, in different parts of the country, I have met survivors of Auschwitz, two Jews and two Christians, none of them connected to the others in any way other than their common experience of that horror. I also know a Jewish convert to the Catholic faith who was a twelve-year old child in Bergen-Belsen.
Maybe its roots go back still farther, to the First World War. My paternal grandfather, an uncommonly tall adolescent who had lied about his age in order to get into the Canadian army, was sixteen years old when he was captured by the Germans and put in a POW camp. For the next forty years he was in constant pain as bits of shrapnel worked their way out of his body. My maternal grandfather was gassed at Ypres, was unconscious in a hospital for six months, and spent the rest of his life carrying horrible scabs on his body that simply wouldnt heal. Both men were to some extent damaged emotionally by their experiences, the effects of which have been passed down the generations.
I have known several survivors of the Nazi occupation of Poland, a number of people in our parish, and others who were dear friends in various places Ive lived. They all loved to tell their stories. Loved is the wrong word, for a profound, sometimes unresolved, grief often poured out as they related their experiences to me, as if compelled by an inner desire that their personal histories not be wasted. Experience purchased at so great a cost must not be lost, not be forgotten. Their inner wrestling revealed the pain of those who have been struck by severe blows from absolute evil and are still trying to make sense of it.
It has seemed to me, for a long time now, that in their experience we can find our common human struggle laid bare. We all suffer the blows of unjust suffering in our lives, in one form or another. How we deal with it turns us either toward life or toward death. The survivors have a lot to teach us in this regard. But they must be asked for their stories, and we must listenlisten deeply. I am often moved by their humility, and by their capacity for forgiveness.
Which brings me to a third major theme in all my work: Forgiveness frees us to believe in a benevolent God and in the saving power of Christ, and thus to become who we truly are. Unforgiveness locks us into unbelief, into the enclosed universe of the self.
IgnatiusInsight.com: In the middle of Sophia House there is a playan entire play. What inspired you to write and include the play and how does it fit into the flow and logic of the novel?
OBrien: I was bowled over by Andrei Tarkovskys film, Andrei Rublev, when I first saw it in a theater in the 1970s, then again on screen in the mid-1980s. Later I obtained a video of it and have watched it several times since. Tarkovsky is a phenomenon, a miracle, a Christian filmmaker in Russia producing a very great film at one of the darkest periods of the Communist era. It moved me profoundly as a story, as a vision of redemption, and as art. So rare is this combination in any genre that it must be seen as a extraordinary grace. It well deserves its place on the Vaticans list of ten best films of all time.
At one point I discussed the life of Rublev with a man who had, in years gone by, produced a Broadway play. He suggested I give playwriting a try. So I did, but when I read the finished manuscript I thought little of the results, and stacked it with my other unpublishable manuscripts gathering dust on the shelf.
Then, ten or so years later, it struck me that it might become a viable section of Sophia House. Of course, to interrupt the flow of narrative in a novel with a play runs the risk of creating a patchwork, an add-on. But it seemed to me as I worked on the novel that my central character was a man turned in upon himself, suffering some deep psychological and emotional wounds that had spiritual repercussions. It is precisely his narcissism, his angst, and his isolation that pushes him toward sin. Combined, the novels Father Elijah and Sophia House reveal that such a sin (if it were committed) would have had disastrous results for the unfolding of history.
When Pawel turns all his pent-up anguish to a creative act, he begins to move outward, away from the world of self-obsession and sin. The writing of the play reveals himself to himself, not as a narcissistic exercise, but rather as a window will reflect ones face, yet also offers a view outward to the exterior world. So it seemed to me that the play was essential to Pawels growth as a character.
Read part 2 of interview with Michael O'Brien.
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